Is There a European Approach of Service-Learning in Higher Education?
Higher Education Framework in Montenegro
Educational tradition in Montenegro includes enrolment on the bachelor level. The main criteria are results achieved in secondary school- the marks from secondary school, the mark on matura exam, awards on competitions, etc. After summarizing point, the rank list is created, and the best-ranked students have the right to enroll certain faculty. The number of students for each faculty, no matter state or private, is defined by license provided by the Ministry of Education according to human resources of the institution, infrastructure, etc. The procedure is completely the same for state and private universities. When talking about master courses, except marks from undergraduate studies, important criteria are knowledge of the foreign language as well as the results of the interview.
The relationship between civil society and higher education institutions in Montenegro is strong. The third mission of the universities is recognized as one of the main pillars of higher education in all strategic and institutional documents. Also, one of the accreditation criteria for the Montenegrin higher education institutions is the number of functional collaborative contracts with NGOs, companies, institutions, and other stakeholders, which can offer possibilities for internships, professional practice, etc. But, although there is a significant improvement in the last years regarding the social dimension of the higher education process, the examples of good practices are still more individual cases, and a lot of efforts should be put in the future to improve this segment.
Anđela Jakšić-Stojanović (Assistant Professor, PhD, University Donja Gorica)